Professor Linda Weiser Friedman's Guide to ...




The Literature Search

The literature review is based on the assumption that knowledge accumulates, and that we learn from and build on what others have done.



Types of Literature Reviews:

Writing the Literature Review

The purpose of the literature review is to document the state of the art (science), with respect to a particular question or problem. [See samples]

The literature review is itself a research method. It takes raw data (the annotated bibliography) and converts it into information (a critical appraisal). The review should:

The review is PROSE, not a list describing or summarizing one citation after another. Organize the review into sections that represent themes or sub-topics, or identify trends.

Outline of the Research Paper:

Where Do We Find the Research?

Scholarly vs. Trade Publications - discuss the difference

Annual Conferences

IS Journals [find the annual index]

Abstracts, Indexes

Follow the "trail" of references in the articles you find

Citation Index / Search

Using the Web for Research:

Method - Annotated Bibliography

Keeping track of sources: Index cards / database / MSWord document
Whatever you use, always make brief annotations - so that you don't have to read the whole paper again

Sample Literature Review Papers:

Alavi, M. and Carlson, P. (1992) A Review of MIS research and disciplinary development. Journal of Management Information Systems, 8(4): 45-62
Alavi, M. and Leidner, D.E. (2001) Review: Knowledge Management and Knowledge Management Systems: Conceptual Foundations and Research Issues. MIS Quarterly, 25(1): 107-136
S. Altschuller: Defining Information Systems Ethics through Classification pdf
Shirani and Lee, Collective Information Processing And Computer Mediated Communication: An Overview Of Major Theoretical Frameworks, DSI 2003 pdf
Friedman, L.W. "Systems Simulation: Design and Analysis of Multivariate Response Simulaitons: The State of the Art" Behavioral Science, vol. 32, 1987. pdf




Help on how to conduce a computer science research project:

Webster, J. and Watson, R.T. (2002) Anlalyzing the Past to Prepare for the Future: Writing a Literature Review. MIS Quarterly, 26(2)

Last Updated February 2006