Installing Oracle 9i on Windows 2000

The following outline describes the steps required to install Oracle9i (version 9.0.1.1) on the Microsoft Windows 2000 operating system.

Please note these instructions are VERY OLD and probably will not apply to your current Windows and Oracle versions.

It is assumed that this is a fresh install and that no other Oracle products are installed at this time. If this is not the case, then these instructions may not work on your system.

Where to get Oracle9i for Windows NT/2000

These instructions may or may not be applicable for other versions of Oracle (such as Personal Oracle9i, Oracle9i Lite) or for other Microsoft Windows operating systems.

Checklist

Before you even start this process you should have:

The Installation Process

As with most Windows installation programs, inserting the CD-ROM (ordered or purchased from Oracle) into the CD-ROM drive automatically executes the setup program. (If this does not happen, use the Windows Explorer to view the contents of your CD-ROM drive and double click on the "setup" program there).

If you downloaded the Oracle9i from Oracle Technet, then you need to unzip the files into a three temporary directories and double click on the setup.exe program in the Disk1 directory) to get the installation process started.

The following Welcome window will appear:

It is assumed that this is a fresh install so no other Oracle products should be installed at this time.

Click on the Next button to move to the File Locations screen as shown below:

In this screen, the Source and Destination locations must be selected.

The Source path should reflect either your CD-ROM or the directory in which you unzipped the source files. Leave this as the default. In the example above, the source files were unzipped into c:\source\Oralce\9i\NT20009011\Disk1 directory.

For the Destination, leave the Oracle Home named OraHome90 as the default. Choose a hard disk drive that has at least 10 gigabytes of free space. In the example here, we are using the C: drive.

Leave the \Oracle\Ora90 path as it is (the default). If you must change this to a different drive, only change the drive letter and not the directories.

Click on the Next button to load the Product information. This may take up to 2 minutes (depending on the speed of your machine). Once the product information has been read, the following 3 "Available Products" options are presented:

Make sure the Oracle9i Database 9.0.1.1.1 is selected and click on the Next button.

The "Installation Types" screen will appear next. For this installation, we chose the Enterprise Edition.

The "Database Configuration" screen will appear next:

For this install, we chose the "General Purpose" Database option. Click on the Next button to continue.

The next step is to identify the database using the Global database name:

If some default Global database name and SID are given, keep them. Otherwise, use the following (make a note of these for later on):
Global Database Name is orcl
Oracle SID is orcl

Click on the Next button to continue to the "Data File Location " screen

In this step, you need to select where the Oracle data files will be located. In large operations, we typically keep the data files on a separate disk (or disks), however, for this install, we are storing the data files in the same C:\oracle directory tree. Keep the default as shown and click on the Next button to continue.

In the next screen, choose the default character set for the database:

Click on the Next button to move to the "Summary" screen:

In this screen (shown above), the products and files that will be installed are summarized. Note that in this example, it will take 1.5 GB MB of disk space for the installation of the software. Additional space will be required for the default database.

If everything looks OK at this point, click on the Install button to begin the installation.

During the install, you will notice various Oracle products being copied over to the hard disk. For example, in the above figure, a portion of the Oracle Enterprise Manager is being installed.

Once the installation is completed, the next step will be to configure the various additional services and the database. This is shown below:

Each of the configuration programs will be executed in turn. The HTTP Server (Oracle/Apache) should launch automatically and open up TCP/IP port 80. You should notice a new Command window as follows:

Oracle HTTP Server Powered by Apache/1.3.12 (Win32) ApacheJServ/1.1 
mod_ssl/2.6.4 OpenSSL/0.9.5a mod_perl/1.24 running...

The Net Configuration Assistant and Oracle Intelligent Agent should run automatically and not prsent any sustained screens.

The Oracle Database Configuration Assistant will appear for some time while the default database is created and opened. As below:

Once the default database has been installed, the following screen will appear:

Clicking on the Password Management button and change the default passwords for the SYS, SYSTEM, SCOTT and DBSNMP accounts as shown below:

Click the OK button when done.

This should conclude the configuration of the database and the "End of Installation" screen should appear as below. Click on the Exit button and click on the following Yes button to confirm exiting the Installation program.

At this point, be sure to reboot your computer so any final changes can take affect. In particular, the path c:\oracle\ora90\bin will be added to the PATH environment variable.


New Program Groups

After Oracle9i is installed, you will notice several new program groups in the Start menu.

These include:


Starting and Stopping the Database

Under Windows NT and Windows 2000, the Oracle 9i database runs automatically as a service. Below is a view of the Windows 2000 Services mangement console showing the services installed by default:

Note the last one OracleServerORCL is the actual database process itself. OracleOraHome90TNSListener is the listener process for remote connections to the database. OracleOraHome90Agent is the Oracle Agent used to communicate with management services. Finally, the OracleOraHome90HTTPServer is the Oracle/Apache web server.

Since the OracleServerORCL service is set to start automatically, the database wll start and mount each time the computer is started up. To manage the database processes directly, one can use the Enterprise Manager Console in Stand-alone mode. From the Start menu, choose Programs -> Oracle - OraHome90 -> Enterprise Manager Console and select Launch Standalone. The following screen should appear:

Click on the plus sign to expand the Databases branch and then once again to expand the ORCL branch. When prompted for username and password, use the SYSTEM account and choose to log in as SYSDBA. In SYSDBA mode, the SYSTEM user can perform most any manipulation of the database.

Once logged in, clicking on the Instance tree and then the Configuration tree should display the current state of the database:


Testing the Installation

Once the database is running, the SQL*Plus tool can be used to connect to the database.

Go to the Start -> Programs -> Oracle - OraHome90 -> Application Development program group and run the SQL Plus application. Once SQL Plus is running, you will be prompted for 3 things: Username, password and Host String.

The default Database Administrator's account has a username of SYSTEM and a default password of MANAGER. You may have changed the SYSTEM account password in a previous step so use the new password.

Fill in the Username and password fields with the SYSTEM account and leave the Host String field blank. Since we are connecting to a local Oracle database, no Host String is required. Click on the OK button as shown below:

If the database is running and the username and password are typed correctly, SQL*Plus should log the SYSTEM user in and present the SQL> prompt as shown below:

By default, you can also log in with the SCOTT/TIGER account. That is, there is a demo account already set up in the database with username SCOTT and password TIGER. Many of the examples in the Oracle documentation use the tables included in the SCOTT user's account.


Using the On-Line Help

If you elected to install the Personal Oracle8i documentation to your hard disk, you can access the HTML help files by going to the Start -> Programs -> Oracle - OraHome90 program group and selecting the Release Documentation item.

Your default web browser will be launched and the opening page for the Oracle documentation will be displayed.

Materials to be added


Last updated: Thu Sep 20 17:12:14 EDT 2001
Copyright 2001 R. Holowczak